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Timeline by Jack Penkethman

I have assembled three statements of human dynamic theatre. They very roughly parallel Newton's three laws of motion. I cannot claim any originality here, but I think these propositions are axiomatic.

I. There is no circumstance, however ridiculous, to which a human cannot adapt.

II. Parallel to Newton's second law, F = ma; Farce equals mess times acceleration.

III. It's comedy when it happens to some one else. It's tragedy when it happens to you.

The ISIS Anachronism

Truth be known, I am no expert on Islam (let's face it, few Americans are) but with just a smattering of history of Islam following the death of Muhammad, if fact just the two years following his death, it's possible to put together a startling, and I think possible, inventory of ISIS plans for conquest of the world. Sound preposterous? Just read.

Having admitted to great ignorance, I hope those of you who know more about this than I do will join in and enlighten the darker corners of my knowledge. (See main menu: Email Me.)

When the prophet Muhammad died in 632, Islam had not yet been fully formed, according to Paul Freedman of Yale1. Certainly there had been wars between Muhammad's followers and rivals where the outcome was the ascendency of Islam under Muhammad. The result was a unity of the Arab world under the new religion. This amalgam was not a state, however. It was unified by the personal loyalty of family, clan, or tribe to Muhammad. At this time the Arabs were a loose informal confederation of more or less independent tribes.

Following Muhammad's death many of his followers wanted a successor. They wanted some one to take his place in whom they could place their personal loyalty. Muhammad had ruled by inspiration and that apparently was what they wanted. But can you elect such a person? It wasn't clear what exactly a successor would be succeeding to. Was Muhammad a religious leader? Was he a judge? Was he a military or political leader?

Muhammad's father-in-law, Abu Bakr, was elected as Caliph, which simply means successor, in 632. This name should ring a bell if you've been watching the ISIS news. The leader of ISIS calls himself Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the Abu Bakr of Baghdad. But more about him later.

Abu Bakr, the new Caliph, had a problem in that many tribes disagreed with the idea of electing a successor. At this point, one of those fateful turning points of history, Abu Bakr leads his loyal tribes to force compliance of these other reluctant tribes into a single Islamic nation. At this he is successful. The military was built up and used to create a sizeable and powerful block.

At the success of Abu Bakr there was then some kind of need to keep going. Raiding and plundering had been one of the occupations of Arab tribes in this rather austere infertile Arabian dessert. Indeed, in may parts of the world where resources are scarce, people often resort to raiding to supplement whatever they can produce themselves. But now the Arab tribes had been unified, some by force, and the internal energy of this military build-up was tuned outward to the rest of the world around.

To make a long story short, Abu Bakr turns to Damascus, then part of the Byzantine Empire, and conquers it. The Arabs had discovered that the successor to the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, was fatally weakened by its wars with Persia. And Persia was in the same militarily exhausted condition. Next falls Jerusalem. And the Arabs were off on the conquest of a vast new Arab empire eventually stretching from India to Spain. All this in an amazingly short period of time.

Okay. Now here's my hypothesis. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has taken the name of Muhammad's father in law, the unifier of the Arab tribes, as a signal that he views himself as the true successor of Muhammad. ISIS under al-Baghdadi sees itself on the path of re-unification of Arab tribes under Islam and will, if possible, compel compliance of Arab Muslims to fulfill what he sees as their true faith commitment. Or, he will kill them.

So, it appears al-Baghdadi sees himself as that Imam, that Caliph, inspired by Allah and indeed protected and empowered by Allah, to faithfully go out and do what was done in 632-634. It's perfectly prophetic.

Ironically, the conversion of the world to Islam is probably not the goal. Conversion to Islam was never the goal of the Arabs in all their conquests. The Arabs were perfectly comfortable ruling over people of other religions. It didn't bother them. In fact, they tended to be especially tolerant of Jews and Christians. And that's because Islam is built upon the old and new testaments of the Bible. Jews and Christians were considered by them to be other people of the book

So, I wouldn't go so far as to say the conversion of the world to Islam is al-Baghdadi's goal, but you never know.

Now, here's the thing. It appears that ISIS has as it goal the re-enactment of the Arab conquests going back 1,382 years! Truly, my American mind cannot possibly fathom the psychology of this, but it seems to be born out by my admittedly short take on history. Is this really possible? Can anyone enlighten me?

Freedman, Paul. Open Yale Courses. Hist 210: THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES, 284–1000. Fall 2011.

See also: Armstrong, Karen. Islam: A Short History. Modern Library ed. New York: Modern Library, 2002.

Predicting Damage to Coral Reefs Due To Ocean Warming and Acidification

A coral reef community on the outer reef of Millennium Atoll located in the central Pacific. Photograph: M. Johnson. Photo is from the research paper discussed below.
Click image for larger view and caption

Scientists, and science aficionados like me, have been aware for some time that coral reefs have been devastated by the increasing ocean acidification. This coral die-off, or coral "bleaching" as it is often called, is due to the modern increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and due to the warming of the oceans as the Earths average temperature continues to rise.

Every year there are conferences around the world on coral reef studies. See International Society for Reef Studies for one.

In fact, scientists say that many shell-making organisms are threatened by the acid condition of the ocean. These animals (not the scientists) find it increasingly difficult to make their shells. Coral reefs and shells are made of calcium carbonate, which is produced by the animal's cells. You'd think that since calcium carbonate sort of contains carbon dioxide in its chemical formula, it should sound like a good thing. But not so. Acid conditions impede calcium carbonate formation.

Published today in the journal Bioscience1 is a paper by an international research team led by Peter J. Edmunds of California State University, Northridge. "Most studies address the effects of ocean acidification on single species of corals and calcified algae in tanks," they say. And so this paper purports to describe a process of pulling together studies on all levels: from the cellular, to the animal, to the colony, and on to the community (see the photo above), and finally an entire ecosystem like Millennium Atoll.

While it's important to study individual animals and plants in the laboratory to understand their biology and chemistry, it's going to be increasingly important to integrate this knowledge across all scales to understand the real future of reefs as Earth changes.

This sort of reminds me of Ed Ricketts (1897-1948). His book Between Pacific Tides2 was based on the concept that the most important facts of biology was how organisms interact with each other. And he applied this philosophy to his study of the tidal zones of the Pacific Coast. Merely discovering, naming, and describing animals was not what he was about.

But this integration of science to combine the study of biology at all levels simultaneously parallels a process also occurring withing the sciences in general. You'll get the idea when I describe the processes that this all-level study implies. Cellular biology is a field of study in itself. So is animal biology. The study of reef ecosystems is part of a specialization of biogeography. Oceanography, the study of ocean currents and how they are changing with the altering climates of Earth, is another specialty. Ocean chemistry is yet another complex specialty in itself. And, of course, the best example of scientific integration is climate science itself which combines many former separate disciplines.

The authors warn against expecting a grand unified theory of reef biology, however. Rather it will take the usual dogged collection of field data, computer simulations, and research at all levels.

1 BioScience, published monthly by Oxford Journals, is the journal of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS). Follow BioScience on Twitter @BioScienceAIBS.

2 Ricketts, Edward Flanders, and Jack Calvin. Between Pacific tides: An account of the habits and habitats of some five hundred of the common, conspicuous seashore invertebrates of the Pacific coast between Sitka, Alaska, and northern Mexico.. Original version 1939. An updated version with Joel W. Hedgpeth and published by Stanford University Press is available.

Glacial Melting Effects Uzbekibekibekistanstan

View of Lake Issyk Kul, Kyrgyzstan with glaciers in the distance.
Lake Issyk Kul

Click on the images for a larger view

It's commonly known that many, or at least some, glaciers around the world are actually growing. And in some places there are record snow falls. So, global worming? Doesn't that argue against global warming?

It does seem to go against the grain, until you look deeper into what is being reported by observers around the world. Glaciers within the tropics, all of them to my knowledge, are melting. This is what you would expect, of course, if that mid-region were warming up as a whole.

But what about higher latitudes? Why are some northern glaciers growing? There is a reason, and it fits within the global warming trend as far as I can determine by reading the available literature. The heavier than normal snowfalls are a result of global warming simply because the warmer atmosphere, on average, can hold more water. Warmer air holds more moisture. And that leads, in the northern latitudes, to more snow. More snow doesn't mean that it's colder, it means that there's more moisture in the atmosphere. It doesn't have to be colder to make more snow. Temperature is not the snow factor. It's water. The temperature simply has to be below freezing.

The more it snows in the mountains, the more snow accumulates year round to feed the galciers. However, last I heard, the northern glaciers are actually melting faster than normal in response to global warming. It's just that there's that much more snow to keep them in net growth.

In Central Asia, the glaciers in the Tien Shan area are melting at a higher rate than most, according to Danial Farrinotti of the GFZ Gernam Research Centre for Geosciences in Potsdam as reported in the journal Nature Geoscience. The glaciers have lost about 25% of their mass in the last 50 years. That's about 3000 square kilometers (1,200 square miles) of ice cover gone. This makes a big difference for people living down stream. Like the situation at Mt. Kilimanjaro, water supply will be diminishing for the people who have depended on it in the past.

This huge source of water will affect large areas of Kyrgystan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and parts of China. And, as usual around the world, the human population is increasing at the same time. See also the The World Glacier Monitoring Service.

View of unfinished stool seat with dowel reinforced leg structure for added strength.

Making Cinderella Stools

I recently had the good fortune to be able to do something creative. I offered to repair a prop stool for the upcoming Ballet San Jose production of Cinderella. Well, I got carried away and built two new stools which, as far as I know, will be used in the production. And I'm saying I built those suckers real good! You can read all about it, and how to purchase actual reproductions of these hand made stools. Just read my latest article Making Stools for Cinderella

Alexsandra Meijer
in Ben Stevenson's Cinderella. Photo by Robert Shomler. Photo courtesy of
Silicon Valley Ballet

Beer and Ballet: Open Rehearsal at BSJ

Ballet San Jose Silicon Valley is in rehearsal for their next production, Cinderella, to be performed May 8, 9, and 10. Get information and tickets here. This past Friday afternoon and evening, the Ballet invited the public to watch rehearsal in what they called a Beer and Ballet event. These B and B's are getting more popular among a number of Ballet companies apparently to bring the public into more intimate contact with the artists and process.

Rehearsals are fun to watch. Ballet is a spectacular kind of presentation and to see the dancers and directors in a bit more relaxing mode was fascinating. Please see my more in-depth article here. Click on the image for enlarged views.

Eastern US Image
NASA's Terra satellite captured this picture of snow across the eastern United States on Feb. 19 at 16:20 UTC (11:20 a.m. EST).

Historic NASA photo of Eastern US "Freezer"

If you click on the image at right, you'll see a spectacular satellite image of the freezing conditions in the eastern United States. Most all of that white down there is snow. The image was taken on 20 Feb by NASA's Terra satellite. (Click again on the expand symbol at lower right to get a huge image.)

According to NASA "There were widespread subzero overnight lows Thursday night (Feb. 19) extending from Illinois to western Virginia, and numerous record lows were set. Bitterly-cold arctic air is setting numerous temperature records across the eastern U.S. and will keep temperatures well below normal on Friday (Feb. 20)."

And if your a Californian and have been Facebooking with friends in the East, you know you've heard all about it.

Polar Vortex Image
"These long-lived shifts from the polar jet stream’s typical pattern have been responsible for some wicked weather this winter, with cold Arctic winds blasting everywhere from the Windy City to the Big Apple for weeks at a time." Climate scientist Jeniffer Francis, Rutgers University

So, what do you think? Is "Gobal Warming" a hoax? Since the press is full of the frigid news, one might be forgiven for thinking so. But the eastern US is not the whole planet by long shot, and in fact 2014 was the warmest year yet on record. What we're seeing is, I think, climate change. Ironically, the instability of the circumpolar jet stream that's causing all this freezer syndrome is caused by a warming Arctic.

Take a look at the figure to the right (click on it to enlarge). If I understand it correctly, what the graphic is showing is a stable high pressure, more or less, over eastern US (in blue) that is a mass of cold air from the arctic. At the same time, other parts of the globe, namely western US and Alaska, are experiencing warming. Normally, this blue blob of polar air would be more or less centered over the north pole.

According to Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University what drives the polar jet stream is the temperature difference between the polar region and the mid latidudes (Canada and the US, for example). In the past the jet stream has been more stable due to the a stronger temperature difference between Arctic and mid ltitude regions. But lately its behavior has been distorted because of Arctic warming (to wit the loss of Arctic sea ice and the stress on polar bear and walrus populations).

Francis explains this very will in a short article on skepticalscience.com titled A melting Arctic and weird weather: the plot thickens. It's worth a read.

Francis also has just published a research artilce on IOPScience Environmental Research Letters, "Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming".

Pacific Grove Monarch Butterflies

Monarch feeding on eucalyptus flower. click on the above image to see the video.

Thursday my wife and I went on one of our favorite walks along an old train bed in Pacific Grove, CA. And along our walk we saw more monarchs in this area than we had ever seen before. Pacific Grove is famous for its monarch parade each year to welcome the wintering butterflies on their long migration.

We started snapping as many pictures as we could with our iPhones, and managed to get a few videos. Monarchs don't make photography easy as they typically flutter around in wildly changing paths. I'll bet this behavior evolved to evade predator birds.

Anyway, if you click on the picture, you're led to my video showing a monarch feeding on a eucalyptus flower. I'm told that the monarchs like to over-winter here, in the eucalyptus, because this tree flowers in the winter. If you look closely, you can see the proboscis probing the flower.

Pacific Grove has a nature center where you can learn a lot more about monarch and other butterflies, and just about anything else a local natural history museum can hold. Visit on line at www.pgmuseum.org/monarchcounts.

PS: This old train bed carried the Del Monte Express train that ran into Ed "Doc" Ricketts of Steinbeck's Cannery Row fame. Ricketts, a marine biologist, was author of the much admired book Between Pacific Tides . You can read more about this local history at Wikipedia:Ed Ricketts

Indomitable Spirit

Obit picture of Evelyn Mitri, San Jose Mercury News
From the obituary page of Evelyn Mitri, San Jose Mercury News, 20-Feb-2015.

Since the San Jose Mercury News put the obituary section in the A section of the paper, (a move which I think indicates the marketing troubles newspapers are in these days) I find myself glancing through the pictures and the ages of the deceased just to see, I suppose, how I'm doing at my age of 67. Once in a while I come across a face that inspires curiosity.

Evelyn Mitri is the latest of the mourned to catch my eye. I have no idea beyound the obit as to who she was or what her life was like. But there were two pictures of her, one as an educated intelligent and beautiful young women and one lately of a great grandmother with a satisfied smile on her face. I imagine her life was very full, and indeed her obituary tells that it was full of both heartache and great satisfaction.

She was a Palestinian Christian who, at the age of 26, was driven from her family's previously peaceful home in Jaffa by the Zionists who considered her country now theirs. This was 1948. She and her family were forced to move to Ramallah, along with many thousands of Palestinian refugees. Then in 1967, another war turned Ramallah into part of a vast occupied territory. After her family lost everything again to the Zionists in their second expansion, she and her family decided to emigrate to the US.

There are several stories here; how the wisdom of age shows in our faces, how life can be disrupted in the violence of conquest, and how we can face life with hope and hard work. Click on this link to read this extraordinary rememberence by her loving family. I'm thankful to her family for allowing us a bit of a glimpse into her life.

Help From the Experts on Evolutionary Biology

Front page of Dobzhansky paper
From the title page of a seminal paper by Theodocius Dobzhansky reproduced in toto in this volume of reproductions.

I could not prevent myself from spending money on this new book of 48 seminal articles representing major conceptual steps in the evolution of evolutionary biology:

Ayala, Francisco J. and John C. Avise. Essential Readings in Evolutionary Biology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014. Print

I'm one of the "broader audience" of non-experts specifically targeted by Ayala and Avise, and so I appreciate the help of these experts to guide my reading. Otherwise, I'd be poking in the dark and, say, reading the entirety of Darwin's "Origins" when it would be better to focus on a few sections that got right to the point and have kept all their validity and importance with the passage of time.

Francisco Ayala is a professor of biological sciences, and of the philosophy of science, at UC Irvine and is a respected and acknowledge expert in evolutionary biology. John C Avise, also of UC Irvine, has a list of publications and accomplishments occupying several laptop monitor screens.

The 48 seminal papers are reproduced in their original entirety and arranged in chronological order. Each paper comes with and introduction by Ayala and Avise. They also provide a book introduction and a brief timeline of evolutionary thought going back to 600 BCE.

All these papers take us on a route through evolutionary thought, from the original idea of natural selection, on to Mendelian inheritence (which Darwin never heard about), then molecular revolution and the modern synthesis, to genomic analysis (as in DNA testing) and even to new experimental methods in evolution directly on living species of microorganisms. This last did not come too soon considering the evolution of bacteria toward resistance to antibiotics and all that it implies for human disease control.

There are a lot of books out there explaining evolution. This book has an advantage in that one can read the original papers that influenced the history and concepts of evolution theory. The papers, being reproduced as published, also necessarily include full bibliographies. So, if you want to dig deeper into evolution theory or just its history, you can.

Other Introductory Books

Here are a couple of starter books that I found to get myself up to speed. First is a popular book by David Young, first published in 1992 and now in its second edition. Good photos and diagrams and very readable entertaining prose.

Young, David. The Discovery of Evolution. 2nd ed. Cambridge, 2007. Print.

I first got an introduction to the science of evolution through another popular explanatory book by the late E. Peter Volpe. It's a bit dated now but has since been turned into a textbook by Peter E. Rosenbaum, available on Amazon

Volpe, E. Peter. Understanding Evolution. 5th ed. Dubuque, Iowa, 1985. Print.

You can get a free e-book and audio book download available at bookarest.net.

Ohio geologists: Ohio earthquakes due to fracking

Click the figure to go to OhioCitizen.org
Ohio now joins Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas and Kansas as having experienced dramatic increases in earthquake activity that geologists say is due to fracking activity.

From the LA Times article: “While we can never be 100% sure that drilling activities are connected to a seismic event, caution dictates that we take these new steps to protect human health, safety and the environment,” said department Director James Zehringer.

Read the LA Times article here.

Time Magazine has also covered this is today's issue. U.S. FRACKING

Could Oklahoma's rash of earthquakes be due to fracking?

There have been some 500 earthquakes this year in Oklahoma. This is thought to be due to fracking waste water disposal.
An article in The Nation by Steven Hsieh takes a shot at explaining the rather odd recent increase in earthquakes in central Oklahoma. Columbia University's Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory researcher Nicholas van der Elst thinks the quakes are most likely due to the fracking injection wells in the area.

Read the article here.

Catch up on van der Elst's researh here.

--16-Feb-2014, 16:00 PST

Stewardship of the deep oceans is coming into focus

Courtesy of Ocean Networks Canada http://www.oceannetworks.ca/
It was true only a few years ago, and it may still be true, that we know more about outer space, moons, planets and stars, than we do about Earth's deep oceans. It makes sense that this should be so since space is rather more observable. Space is observed in cubic light years, and unimaginably big volumes. On the other hand, the deep ocean is observable mere cubic yards at a time. And, the deep ocean is the largest volume of living space on the earth. Our lives here on the solid surface of Earth involves only a thin crust, even if you take into account that bacteria, lots of them, live as far down as a mile below the surface. But the average depth of the oceans is about 2 miles and covers 70% of the earth.

Although events is space have had, and still have, a big influence on life on Earth, it seems plausible that the deep oceans have had vastly more influence. Now, some scientists are asking what the role of the deep ocean will be in the future?

Lisa Levin, a biological oceanographer at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego, and several other experts, described the growing concerns in a news briefing, "Deep-Ocean Industrialization: A New Stewardship Frontier" at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in Chicago today.

In a nutshell, the deep ocean's role in our health and the health of the planet runs from carbon sequestration to nurturing of fish stocks. At the same time, human population has doubled in the last 50 years raising demands for food, energy, and raw materials from the deep sea.

See The Levin Lab at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Itegrative Oceanogrphy Division.

Go to In Deep, the Deep Ocean Stewardship Initiative website for excellent in-depth (pun intended) info.

Also, see Nautilus Minerals for the corporate website of a sea floor gold and copper mining interest.

--13-Feb-2014, 20:00 PST

Ichthyosaur fossil may show oldest live reptilian birth

Ichthyosaur Live Birth Fossil Find. Photo by Ryosuke Motani, UC Davis
Ryosuke Motani and colleagues at UC Davis reported yesterday in the online journal PLOS One an ichthyosaur fossil that may show the oldest live reptilian birth. Ichthyosaurs were giant marine reptiles that evolved from land reptiles and moved to the water.

The maternal partial skeleton, discovered in China, was associated with three embryos and neonates: one inside the mother, another exiting the pelvis with half the body still inside the mother, and the third outside of the mother. The headfirst birth position of the second embryo indicates that live births in ichthyosaurs may have taken place on land, instead of in the water, as some studies have previously suggested.

Dr. Motani said, "The study reports the oldest vertebrate fossil to capture the 'moment' of live-birth, with a baby emerging from the pelvis of its mother. The 248-million-year old fossil of an ichthyosaur suggests that live-bearing evolved on land and not in the sea."

Read the PLOS One article here.

Optical acceleration cancellation: catching fly balls

A Baseball Player Catching a Fly Ball. Photo by David Silverman, Brown University
In my very short career playing farm team baseball (a notch below little league) I found myself assigned to right field. At first, fly balls in my direction inexplicably went over my head until I learned to track the ball and position myself where I judged the ball would come down. How did I learn to do that and what exactly was I tracking? How do pro ball players do it? How did Willie Mays make that spectacular catch, now known simply as "The Catch", in the 1954 World Series where he turned his back on the ball, ran straight out to the center field fence and caught the ball over his shoulder?

A team of researchers now think they can explain it. It's called optical acceleration cancellation. Basically, as far as I can understand it, and it jives with my brief experience, the outfielder observes whether the rise of the ball is increasing or decreasing. That is, imagine a line drawn between the outfielder's eye and the struck ball. If the angle that line makes with the ground is accelerating upward, the ball is at that moment set to land behind the outfielder, so he'd better run out. If that line is decelerating, it is destined to fall it front of him. If it is neither accelerating nor deceleration, the ball will hit the outfielder between the eyes unless he puts his glove up.

The paper is published in the Journal of Vision. You can read it here.


Physical Science 1, Spring 2014

This is a page for my students, which covers our class in physical sciences. I intend to update it regularly after each class meeting. I won't be posting grades or any personal information, of course.

You can always email me at this site address by clicking on the "Email Me" link, but it would be better to email me at my

Gavilan email

I'm calling the page Instructor@ Gavilan


Human Origins: Lessons from Autism Research, Part I

Autism research is leading scientists to fundamental questions and insights into human evolution.

The risk of autism, and other neurodevelopmental syndromes, depends on the the mutability of certain genetic hot spots that is both necessary for evolution and for our unique human qualities.

Autism & Human Origins Part I

Swastika image

The Hillbrink Codex

For the first time an historic volume of original Nazi propaganda posters is presented for the benefit of public interest and WWII scholarship. Click on the link in the menu at left.

This is a collection of original Nazi propagand posters, called "wochenspruch", that were produced from 1939 to 1944. The volume was originally produced in 1948 for the benefit of scholarship in the study of Nazi Germany.


Retreating to the Hills

We went on a foothill walk through a venerable old retreat near San Juan Bautista. Here's the story and some pics.

St Francis Retreat

--19-Jan thru 3-Feb 2013

Looking for Normal

Go to Palo Alto Players

--8 thru 23-Dec-2012

The Nutcracker

Go to Ballet San Jose


Why is the speed of light the same as c? Or is it?

Recently I learned that the speed of light was in danger of being found to be not constant after all. Would this upset one of the fundamental ideas of modern physics, the theory of special relativity?

Go to Speed of Light

Normal Cover


"Looking for Normal", Palo Alto Players,
Opens 19-Jan-2013

Jane Anderson's play "Looking for Normal" will play January 19 – February 3, 2013, with a preview performance on January 18. It's about a 45 year old family man who has been living a secret life as a woman in a man's body. He decides that it's now time for a sex change operation. Roy lives in Columbus Ohio with his wife, the love of his life, his 14 year old daughter, and has a son who is traveling with a band. The play sensitively examines the adjustments and struggles for understanding that he, now she, family and friends go through. I play Roy's father, Roy Senior.


The Nutcraker, Ballet San Jose, Starting Dec 8

Ballet San Jose is preparing to perform a brand new version The Nutcracker. For the past five years I had been part of the old production as a supernumerary performing minor non-dancing roles. But they can't use me in this new production, with the new costumes and choreography. I will have to content myself with watching from the audience, starting December 8 and 1:30pm. It will be spectacular, I'm confident.


Welcome to Timeline

Timeline is coming up a bit at a time. Please go to About for more information.